Objectives
The programme is structured to provide conceptual and theoretical knowledge in the available fields specializations. It provides an appropriate environment for the establishment of an advanced training programme in the basic areas of Physics that are very relevant to the establishment of the Fedral University of Agriculture.
9.4.2 Structure
The programme consists of core courses (covering the key areas of Physics), elective courses in the area of specialization and thesis research. Normally all course work is supposed to be undertaken during the first session, while the project would be done during the second session.
Detailed structure is as follows
Course Title 
Units 
Core Courses 
13 
Elective Courses 
12 
Project 
6 
Seminar 
2 
Total 
33 
Course Code 
Course Title 
Units 

CORE COURSE ULP 

PHS 701 
Quantum Mechanics 
3 
PHS 703 
Mathematical Physics 
3 
PHS 705 
Electromagnetic Theory 
3 
PHS 707 
Advanced Laboratory and Workshop Practice 
2 
PHS 709 
Numerical and Computational Methods 
2 
PHS 740 
M.Sc. Research Project 
6 

ELECTIVES 

PHS 702 
Solid State Physics 1 
3 
PHS 704 
Solid State Physics 11 
3 
PHS 706 
Statistical Thermodynamics 
3 
PHS 708 
Analysis of Data 
3 
PHS 710 
Application of Physics in Meteorology 
3 
PHS 712 
Advanced Meteorology 
3 
PHS 714 
Structure and Dynamics of the Upper Atmosphere 
3 
PHS 716 
Health Physics 
2 
PHS 718 
Advanced Nuclear Physics 
3 
PHS 720 
Electronic Design and Analysis 
2 
PHS 722 
Physical Instrumentation 
3 
PHS 724 
Advanced Computational Physics 
3 
PHS 726 
Physics of the Earth Interior 
3 
PHS 728 
Methods of Techniques of Geophysical Prospecting 

Course Code 
Course Title 
Abbreviation 
Unit 
Core Courses 

PHS 801 
Quantum Mechanics 
QUAMECH 
3 
PHS 803 
Mathematical Physics 
MATHPHYS 
3 
PHS 805 
Electromagnetic Theory 
ELCTMAG 
3 
PHS 807 
Advanced Laboratory Workshop Practice 
ADVLABWP 
3 
PHS 809 
Numerical & Computational Methods 
NUMECOMP 
2 
PHS 899 
Dissertation 
DISSERTN 
6 
Electives 

PHS 802 
Solid State Physics I 
SOSTPHYI 
3 
PHS 804 
Solid State Physics II 
SOSPHYII 
3 
PHS 806 
Statistical Thermodynamics 
STATHERM 
3 
PHS 808 
Analysis of Data 
ANALDATA 
3 
PHS 810 
Application of Physics in Meteorology 
APPHYMET 
3 
PHS 812 
Advanced Meteorology 
ADVDMETY 
3 
PHS 814 
Structure and Dynamics of the Upper Atmosphere 
STDYUPAT 
3 
PHS 816 
Health Physics 
HEALTPHY 
3 
PHS 818 
Advanced Nuclear Physics 
ADVNUPHY 
3 
PHS 820 
Electronic Design and Analysis 
ELEDESAN 
2 
PHS 822 
Physical Instrumentation 
PHYINSTR 
3 
PHS 824 
Advanced Computational Physics 
ADVCOPHY 
3 
PHS 826 
Physics of the Earth Interior 
PHYEARIN 
3 
PHS 828 
Methods of Techniques of Geophysical Prospecting 
METEGEOP 
3 
Ph.D. PHYSICS
This is basically a researchbased degree and the programme here would be concerned mostly with research in various fields of Physics. However, all Ph.D students will be expected to present seminars in the research area as approved by the supervisors. Registration for the Ph.D programme shall be on full time or part time basis.
STRUCTURE
Candidates may be required to take some course work depending on the background. The major emphasis, however, would be on the research thesis to be submitted at the end of the courses.
Areas of Specialisation at M.Sc., and Ph.D Levels.
Environmental Physics
Radiation and Health Physics
Condensed Matter Theoretical Physics
Instrumentation
Computational Physics
Solid Earth Geophysics
9.4.3 Detailed Course Description
PHS 801 – Quantum Mechanics (3 Units)
Symmetry in quantum mechanics. Fundamentals of quantum mechanics – operations in Hilbert space. Matrix formulation of quantum mechanics. Angular momentum theory in quantum mechanics approximation methods in collision theory, Many electron systems, Scattering theory.
PHS 802 – Solid State Physics 1 (3 Units)
Electrons and holes, phonons, magnons and exicton, theory of protons and lattic vibration Xray and neutron scattering. Theory of reciprocal lattice and crystal diffraction. Defects in crystalline solids. Dislocations. Crystal growth.
PHS 803 – Mathematical Physics (3 Units)
Complex variables, Group Theory and applications, Introduction to partial differential equations and application. Weiner Hopt method. Method of integral transform, and application to the solution of initial and boundary value problems, Greens functions Calculus of variations. Integral equations. Methods of Asymptotic expansion.
PHS 804 – Solid State Physics 11 (3 Units)
Basic ideas of quantum statistics many body theory, electrons in solids. Band theory of solids Electron theory in metals and FermiDiera statistics. Superconductivity and Super fluidity optical processes in solid, semiconductor physics, theory of magnetism, magnetoptical properties of solids.
PHS 805 – Electromagnetic Theory (3 Units)
Electrostatic potential and magnetostatic problems, Poisson and Laplace’s equations, method of images, Green theorem… Multiple Expansion, Magnetic Fields, Stoke’ Theorem, Vector potential, Maxwell’s equations, Electromagnetic fields, simple radiating systems and diffraction. Introductory magnetic hydro dynamics and plasma physics.
PHS 806 – Statistical Thermodynamics (3 Units)
Basic postgraduate of the thermodynamics of simple homogeneous systems, thermodynamic potentials and stability of thermodynamic system. Quantum statistical mechanics, assembles and the density matrix. Noninteracting Bose and Fermisy systems, the ideal gas, Kinetic theory, botzman transport equation, Transport Phenomena in solids, liquids and gases. Boltzman motion and its applications, connections between transport coefficient and equilibrium statistics. Nyquist thermodynamic formulation, Onsagar relations.
PHS 807 – Advanced Laboratory and Workshop Practice (2 Units)
Experiments to perform in Solid State Physics Device characterizations study of thin firms, Xray diffraction, superconductivity, Hall Effect, Nuclear and magnetic resonance. Atomic and Nuclear physics Measurement of em ratio for cathode rays, Geiger and Mardsen experiment for testing the angular dependence of particle scattering. Use of Xray spectronter.
Experiments to be performed in Radiation Physics Particle identification techniques, standard luminescence methods for the comparison of absorbed doses. Solid state dosimetry at high doses precision and accuracy in radiation. Safety precautions in the laboratory. Basic circuit synthesis and analysis, pulse circuits telmentry and use in remote control work instrumentation and measuring techniques, impendance matching.
PHS 808 – Analysis of Data (3 Units)
Nature of observation, Errors of observation, means and media as weighted and adjusted means precision and accuracy. Parameters of frequency distributions. Measure of dispersion, skewness, kurtosis standard errors of parameters, significance tests. Theory of errors. Binomial, Gaussio and Poisson distribution. Time series persistence periodicity, quasiperiodicity, harmonic analysis, simple correlation ration, partial correlation.
Correlation smoothing and interpolation. Curve fitting methods tdistribution analysis, test of fit, Xsquare distribution students tdistribution analysis of variance and Fdistribution, errors of correlation coefficients.
PHS 809 – Numerical and Computational Methods (2 Units)
Interpolation schemes, the Lagrangian representation, Aitken algorithm, least square fit. Solution of linear equations, Gaussian elimination and inversion of matrices. Fourier series and harmonic analysis, differential equations, various methods of numerical integration and differentiation. Solution of ODE using step by step methods, runge Kutta predictor methods, numerical solution of partial differential equations, Hyperbolic method of relaxation and other iterative schemes applied to simultaneous equations, illconditioned equations, iterative methods of solving elliptic equations.
PHS 810 – Applications of Physics in Meteorology (2 Units)
Scales of motion. The structure and composition of the atmosphere. Its general circulation, energy sources and sinks, heat vapour the mean pressure field, Rossby waves, monsoon circulations, semipermanent anticyclones. Synoptic scale features, cyclones and easterly waves, mesoscale phenomena formulation of precipitation.
PHS 812 – Advanced Meteorology (3 Units)
Motion and scales of motion on a rotating earth, conversation principle of fluids. Termodynamics of the lower atmosphere, condensation and precipitation process, atmospheric electricity at mospheric convention.
Circulation and vorticity, atmospheric waves and vortices. Turbulent transfer processes in the atmosphere, Micrometeorology. Tropical atmosphere motion systems. Principles of weather forecasting and weather forecasting techniques with particular attention to the tropics. Streamlines and trajectories. Formulation of mathematical models, large scale atmospheric models, large scale atmospheric models complex numerical weather prediction models.
PHS 814 – Structure and Dynamics of the Upper Atmosphere (3 Units)
Atmospheric nomenclature. Hydrostatic equations of atmospheric structure, Scale height. He had balance in the thermosphere dissociation and diffusion. Production and loss process of ions and electrons. Chaptman theory. Attitude distribution and temporal variation of neural and ionized constitutents, temperature and collision frequency in the mesosphere and thermosphere.
Winds and tidal osciallations. Gravity waves. Draft motions of irregularities. Eregion electric current and the dynamics of the ionosphere. Measuring techniques for the parameters of the neutral constituents. Opms amd electrons, winds and drifts of irregularities and temperature with special emphasis on those used locally.
PHS 816 – Health Physics (2 Units)
Introduction to atomic and nuclear structure, atomic, optical microwave and radiofrequency radiation. Radiation exposures and its effects on living cells particularly the human body. Biomedical instrumentation and techniques, Radiation protection, uses of radiation biomedical applications, Nuclear Power and its production.
PHS 818 – Advanced Nuclear Physics (3 Units)
Review of nucleonnucleon interactions twonuclear problem, phenomenology of the two nucleon interaction. Nuclear forces, Nuclear structure. Phenomenological models and microscope theories. The Nuclear shell models, unified collection methods of many body treatment of the nucleus. Fundamental Particles, accelerators.
PHS 802 – Electronic Design and Analysis (2 Units)
Circuit theory, network synthesis and analysis. Basic theory of amplifiers, feedback systems and application, Equivalent electrical circuits for physical and biological systems stability and oscillations. Operational amplifiers, integrated circuits and analog systems, linear and nonlinear analogue systems, integrated linear and nonlinear digital systems.
PHS 822 – Physical Instrumentation (3 Units)
The Electronics of Instrumentation. Circuit element laws and network. Signal amplification and noise elemination. Operational amplifiers and applications. Methods and techniques of scientific measurements.
Sensor processors storage and retrieval systems. Display and recoding of signals. Basic principles of the D’arsonval meter UTU’M, the generalized meter and the C.R.O. Automatic synchronizations mechanics and stability. Analogue and digital recording systems and converters. Computer compatible data logging D. C. and bridges. Electrical transducers and applications in instrumentation (the application will involve the design of instrument prototypes).
PHS 824 – Advanced Computational Physics (3 Units)
Numerical techniquesdifferentiation integral solution of different equations, matrix algebra, simulation methods molecular dynamics Monte Carlo techniques, slow iterative algorithms, Application to quantum and statistical mechanics, lattice models, integrating many particle systems, nonlinear dynamics, field theoretical models, electronics structure calculations.
PHS 826 – Physics of the Earth Interior (3 Units)
The composition of the earth. The physical characteristics of earth’s materials mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties. Earth’s gravity and the earth’s figure and interior. Further evidence from seismology, geothermal state and geomagnetism. Geodynamics – Global picture of the dynamic earth. Plate theory and rheology of the earth’s interior. Evidence from geomagnetic reversals. Mechanism of earthquakes and the new global tectonics. Field and laboratory investigations, especially high pressure geophysics.
PHS 828 – Methods and Techniques of Geophysical Prospecting (3 Units)
A classification of geophysical techniques for investigating the earth crust. Unified approach to geophysical data acquisition, analysis and interpretation Planning, Staking, mapping, presentation of results, analysis and interpretation techniques. Gravity methods, Seismic refraction and reflection techniques. Magnetics and Geoelectrics. Field and laboratory techniques. Generalised interpretation techniques and geophysical instrumentation. (Instrumentation will involve particular geophysical instrument which will be selected every year).
PHS 899 – M.Sc. Project (6 Units)
9.4.4 Staff List
Name 
Degrees Universities Where Obtained 
Specialisation 
Status 
Dr. O. D. Akinyemi 
B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan) 
Solid Earth Physics 
Senior Lecturer 
Dr. J. A. Olowofela 
B.Sc (Jos), M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan) 
Solid Earth Physis 
Reader 
Dr. A. N. Njah 
B.Sc. (Jos), M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan) 
Theoretical Physics 
Senior Lecturer 
Dr. B.S Badmus 
B.Sc, M.Sc, (Ibadan) Ph.D (Lagos) 
Solid Earth Physics 
Senior Lecturer 
Dr.(Mrs) Olufunmilayo Alatise 
B.Sc, M.Sc (Ibadan), Ph.D (FFUNAAB) 
Health Physics 
Lecturer I 
Dr. G. A. Adebayo 
B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D (Ibadan) 
Condensed Matter Physics 
Lecturer I 